Red Cross of Constantine

The Masonic and Military Order of the Red Cross of Constantine
and the Orders of the Holy Sepulchre and of St John the Evangelist

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Constantine, a Roman, was destined for the college of Emperors but following the death of his father, he was hailed by the Legions in York as Augustus and became the Governor of Britain and Gaul. After several successful battles across the Alps and Italy he eventually established himself as the lawful Emperor of both the East and West and transferred the capital of the empire from Rome to Byzantium, later to be named after him.

It is said that his conversion to Christianity began one evening after a long day’s march with his army. He believed he saw a sign from heaven; a pillar of light in the form of a special cross. A standard bearing a cross was ordered to be carried before him in the wars. Several Christians in his army came forward and avowed their faith, following which Constantine directed that they should wear on their armour a red cross. Having been successful in battle it is said that Constantine with the help of his chief bishop, Eusebius, opened a Conclave of the Knights of the Order whose members became the bodyguard of their Sovereign.

It seems likely that the Order of the Red Cross of Constantine was being worked in England by 1780. After a number of changes to the organisation, the earliest documented date of the Order in its present form is 1865.

THE CEREMONIES
This Christian Order is in two parts. The first ceremony consists of the Candidate’s admission, obligation, and then the Installation as a Knight-Companion of the Red Cross of Constantine, in which the historical basis of the Order is also detailed.

In separate ceremonies the Knight-Companion builds on what he has already been taught and in the ceremony of the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre and St. John the Evangelist this knowledge is further expanded and the ultimate aims of Freemasonry are revealed. These, together with the two Installation ceremonies leading to the principal Chairs in the Red Cross of Constantine, are undoubtedly among the most impressive ceremonies in the whole of Freemasonry.

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Red Cross of Constantine

V.Ill.Kt. Peter Ronald Shuker OBE PGH Chancellor 50 Year Certificate

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Peter Ronald Shuker was installed into Eboracum Conclave No 137 on 5th October 1968 and became Most Puissant Sovereign in 1977.

Having held Divisional Rank of Deputy Marshal, Peter was appointed Deputy Intendant General in 1993 at the same meeting that George Alfred Cooper was installed as the Intendant General and retained this position until 1996.

Peter’s Grand Rank appointments started with the rank of PG Prefect in 1984, PG Chamberlain in 1989 and finally Grand High Chancellor in 1996.

In his personal life, Peter qualified as a structural engineer working for Dorman Long on Teeside before moving into training and education achieving senior positions in higher education. This was recognised by the award of the OBE in 2002 which was presented to him by the Prince of Wales.

Following National service in the Army, he later served for thirty years in the Army Emergency Reserve and received the Territorial Decoration (TD) medal.

Peter received his 50 year certificate and jewel from the Intendant General, R.Ill.Kt. David John Roach, at the regular meeting of Eboracum Conclave on Saturday, 6 October 2018. There was a good turnout of members and Divisional Officers and the meeting was followed by a most enjoyable luncheon.

Rulers

M.Ill.Kt. Graham L. Flight, G.C.C.
Grand Sovereign

R.Ill. & Em.Kt. Peter Hawken, MBE, G.C.C.
Deputy Grand Sovereign

R.Ill. & Ven.Kt. The Revd Timothy J. N. L'Estrange, G.C.C.
Grand Eusebius

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